Types of Needlework

Needlework refers to the various types of craft that use a combination of needles and either yarn or colored floss to stitch, mostly on pieces of fabric. While this craft rotates around a single concept, various types of needlework exist; each of these has different characteristics that set it apart from the others. The most common kinds are embroidery, crochet, knitting, tapestry and quilting.

Embroidery

This is probably the most common type of needlework aimed at creating beautiful artefacts and involves decorating fabric and occasionally, other materials, with yarn or thread. Embroidery is however a lot versatile and may use coats, hats, blankets, golf shirts and stockings.

Even though almost entirely automated, embroidery still employs blanket and buttonhole stitches as well as chain, running, satin and cross methods of stitching as the fundamental skills applied.

Crochet

Crochet involves making fabric from yarn by creating interlocking loops using crochet hooks. These small hooks are made from wood, metal or plastic. Crochet is a lot similar to knitting only that in crochet, each stitching process concludes before proceeding into another. Knitting may have several numbers of stitches open at a particular time.

Crochet mainly serves the purposes of decoration and applies five types of stitches. These are chain stitch, which is the most basic and slip stitch. Others are single crochet stitch, half-double crochet and double crochet stitch.

Knitting

This refers to the process of manipulating yarn to make either fabric or textile. Of all types of needlework, knitting relies on stitches, which are many loops of yarn and as such has many consecutive rows of yarn that interlock. Knitting may use either machine or hand processes.

Tapestry

Tapestry is more of artwork on textile than it is a kind of needlework. It however applies the basic principles of needlework making it sensible to lump the process in the needlework category. It involves weft-faced weaving that hides all warp threads and ending up with decorative images. Tapestry has been around for quite some time now. Items believed to belong to Greek artists date as far as the 3rd Century BC. The best-known historic samples of this kind of needlework however coincide with the industrial European renaissance of the 14th century.

Appliqué

This decorative kind of needlework involves applying a pattern on the surface of another piece of fabric. This process is as old as the days of rudimentary needlework. It however has evolved and alongside hand-made process, machines to can now make appliques.

Most artisans use the process extensively in quilting. Ordinarily, applique pieces have edges folded under and are then attached using straight stich, satin stitch or reverse applique.

Quilting

Quilting refers to the process of making thicker, padded materials or quilt garments. This method uses needles and yarn to join two or three layers of fabric. Traditional quilting technique however, involves three layers; upper layer, which is the quilt top, backing material and the insulating or batting material contained within the two covers.

On paper, quilting appears rudimentary. The process however incorporates other craft processes like designing, piecing, applique as well as binding. Like other types of needlework, quilting too has many component styles. The most common of these include foundation piercing and Ralli quilting.

10 Simple Beading Loom Instructions using No Wind Method

Are you looking for simple beading loom instructions? If yes, look no further. Beading loom weaving is an awesome traditional Native American craft that you can easily learn by following a few simple steps. When you want to weave beads on a loom, stitch horizontal bead rows onto a vertical threads framework referred to as warps.

There are various types of bead looms including upright loom, continuous warp bead loom, adjustable frame bead loom, wood fixed frame bead loom and wire frame bead loom. The following are the simple beading loom instructions you are anticipating to learn.

  1. Select a good wrap thread

To get the best results, you have to choose the cord or warp thread that is resistant to stretching and sturdy. Stretchy materials make it hard for you to control tension or make your beadwork to curl.

  1. Correctly position your warp bars

Before attaching your warp threads, ensure your warp bars are placed correctly. Remember that those warp bars acts as pegs on both sides of the loom frame.

  1. Tie the warp thread

On one of your warp anchors, tie a square knot around it using a warp thread. But if your loom possesses more warp anchors, consider the wideness of your beadwork. In case it is wider than expected, tie a knot on the far end anchors of the bar. If the beadwork is to be narrow, tie a knot to the anchor near the warp bar center.

  1. Make the first warp

Position your thread within one of your warp dents by bringing it up over the top of your loom. If it is centered over your tied warp anchor, try to choose the dent that corresponds to where your beadwork edge will be.

  1. Change direction

Pull the cord taut or thread and wrap it around your nearest warp anchor at the back of your loom. It should be the anchor directly across the one that you tied on to at the front of your loom.

  1. Make the second warp

Position the cord or thread within another warp dent by bringing it back over the top of your loom. In case, you plan to use a specially designed warp separator, use the dent situated directly next to the first dent you used. If your separator can’t match correctly, skip one or more dents.

  1. Change the direction again

Pull the cord taut or thread and wrap it around the matching warp anchor that you originally tied on to.

  1. Continue making warps

To continue making warps, position the cord or thread within the warp dents. Pull it stretched over the top of your loom, and utilize the warp anchor to reverse the direction. Keep doing the same until you get one extra warp compared to the number of beads that you strategize to stitch in every row.

  1. Tie off and trim your cord 

After completing your warps, wrap your cord or thread fully around the warp anchor. Then wrap the thread around itself to start an overhand knot.

  1. Adjust tension

On one of your warp bars, loosen the wing nuts and gently rotate that warp bar downward and toward you to constrict the warp tension. After it is tight enough, hold your warp bar in place and re-constrict the wing nuts.

How to Add Color to Your Candles?

A lot of people want to learn how to add some color to candles. With some simple tips, you can perform this task without experiencing any problems. Though most people make it about swirling, there are other ways to give your candle an exceptional and appealing look. In this post, we have used a method that allows you to keep things crisp and clean. We have explained everything clearly, and have tried to give you a tutorial to help you out.

Just follow these simple tips to add interesting color to your candles.

Materials Required

  • Dixie Cups
  • Crayons
  • Wax
  • Votives
  • Wicks
  • Popsicle Sticks
  • Tools Required
  • A plate stand for carefully propping up
  • Microwave

How to Add Color to Candles?

If you start looking for candles in the market, you can come across a wide range of options. However, colored candles always attract some attention and look aesthetically appealing. Now, you can also add color to candles without any hassles. Some easy and simple steps can help you add any color you want to candles. Moreover, there is no need to acquire expensive or hard to find tools or materials.

In order to add color to your candles, simply add some wax to a dixie cup. Keep it in the microwave for just one minute. The next step is to stir the mix properly and pour a very thin layer right at the bottom of a votive. You also need to place the candle wick in the mixture’s center and let everything harden.

The next step is to prepare the crayons.

You can use a high quality Xacto knife to carefully peel off paper. You should use one crayon per color. Now, just fill the Dixie cups with some wax and top it with a broken crayon. Once again, microwave the mix for about two minutes. Stir properly and microwave for another couple of minutes.

In the next step, you need to prop up the votives with wicks on the plate stand. You also need to pour colored wax in the mixture. The primary goal is to create some angled layers of an interesting color. You should let the first layer dry for about half an hour.

Then, simply turn the votives around and pour the mixture’s second layer to get another angle. Once again, let it dry for about half an hour. You should place the votive flat on the workspace to pour the third layer.

For the third layer, it’s recommended to use a bright color.

You should let the final layer dry for about an hour before lighting it up. That’s all! You’re done adding color to your candles. It’s worth mentioning that you can choose from various possibilities to add color to your candles. A wide range of combos are easily available.

Once everything is ready, you should place the candles on your desk, nightstand or dresser. Colored candles make really interesting and fun additions to your party or event decoration theme. With these simple tips, it gets easier to add color to your candles. You neither need any expensive materials nor professional help.

How to Make Candles At Home

Candles are a perfect gift for anniversaries, birthdays, and also bridal showers. Even though you can easily get them from the stores, why not make them at home. It gives you the opportunity to be creative, is more economical (store brought ones are very expensive), and a wonderful hobby. Moreover, it is quite easy and does not take too much time. So, let us now get to learn how to make candles at home.

Materials Needed:

Wax

The first thing you need to do is decide which type of wax you will use. You can opt for paraffin wax, beeswax or soy wax. Paraffin wax is the most popular choice, though you can even opt for beeswax pellets, which is easier to melt, and thus a good choice for beginners.

Color and Fragrance 

Various colors can be used to give shade to the candles. You can opt for inks, dyes, or food colors. For imparting fragrance, you can use essential oils, herbs, and cooking ingredients like peppermint and vanilla.

Wick and Cutter

You can make wick at home using heavy cord or strings. Dip them into warm wax, and let them dry on wax paper. You may even purchase them from craft stores. To cut wicks, you can use a good pair of scissor.

Wax carrier

You can use double boiler as wax carrier or may even use a saucepan. If you plan to use a saucepan, you just need to fill it with water, take an old coffee tin, place the wax in it, keep the tin in the saucepan, and then heat it.

Mold and Mould Release

Glasses, hard plastic, or cans can be used as simple molds, or you may even buy nice attractive moulds from craft stores. To take out the ready candle from the mold safely, you need a mold release. Cooking spray, peanut oil or silicone spray can be used for the purpose.

Spoon and dowels

A pencil or dowel is needed for each candle. A wooden spoon will be needed to stir the wax.

The Procedure:

Cover your worktable with old newspapers or large plastic sheets, to prevent harming the area.

Spray the inner part of your mold with mold release and keep it ready.

Now you need to melt the wax. Chop the wax block into small pieces. Place the chopped wax in the double boiler, or the coffee tin, place it in the saucepan with water, and keep it on your stovetop. Keep stirring.

Never allow the water in your boiler to boil, as that will cause overheating and lead to wax scaling. Keep stirring, and make sure all the pieces melt. If there are only few small pieces left, you can switch the gas off, as the present heat will melt them.

Now, add color and scent to the melted wax, and stir well so that it blends properly.

Transfer the wax into the mold, leaving a little place, about one inch at the top.

As the wax starts hardening, you need to insert the wick. Tie one end of your wick to the center part of the pencil, and drop the free end of the wick into the wax mould. Let the pencil rest on top of your mould.

You need to let the wax harden completely before removing it. It will be best to let it stay overnight. Once it is set, you need to turn the mold upside down, and tap it gently. You can decorate the exterior part of the candle with flowers, ribbons, glitter etc., and your candle is ready. Wrap them in cellophane or place them in a nice box, and it is ready to be gifted at any occasion.

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